Fungal sinus infection symptoms and treatment

Overview of the fungal infection Fungal infection characterized by the presence of tissue invasion by fungi. Fungal infections are divided into superficial fungal infection, localized injury to the skin condition to the deeper tissues to the lungs, blood, or other systemic infections.
Fungal infections can be categorized based on the infected part of the body, how deeply they penetrate the body, fungi that cause infections, and fungal forms.
Generally, when mold spores inhaled, the body's immune system will recognize it as foreign and destroy it so that no fungal infection.
Some opportunistic fungi that can cause disease when the immune system is compromised while others are pathogenic, which can cause disease either at the time the immune system is normal and does not ..

Causes and Symptoms

Candidiasis, aspergillosis and cryptococcosis are some of the common fungal infections caused by Candida albicans, Aspergillus and Cryptococcus. If one of these fungi into the bloodstream, they can attack internal organs, causing symptoms. Candida is a fungus that lives in the human body, but in certain circumstances, can proliferate and begin to affect the organs. Long-term use of antibiotics and high blood sugar levels may be the increased risk of this infection. The infection can affect vital organs such as the heart, kidneys and lungs. Fungal infection of the intestines can cause bloating, indigestion, diarrhea and abdominal discomfort. If the fungus to the brain, we can even suffer seizures.

Cryptococcosis is a serious fungal infection caused by inhaling a fungus called Cryptococcus. This fungus mainly found in soil with bird droppings. This fungus can cause inflammation of the lining of the brain. In such circumstances, people experience symptoms such as confusion, nausea, vomiting, seizures, blurred vision, headache or drowsiness. If the lung affected, patients may experience symptoms such as prostrate, dry cough, fever and chest pain.

Another fungus called Aspergillus can affect the sinuses or lungs. Invasive aspergillosis occurs when the fungus attacks the lungs and spread to other organs through the darah.Jamur can affect people who are immune compromised. Those who are diagnosed with cancer or HIV susceptible fungal infection. In severe cases, brain or bones may also be affected. This fungus can be inhaled through the soil or house dust. If the lungs or sinuses are affected, one of the most likely to experience symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pain, cough, fever, or bleeding. While these symptoms are shown by one of the patients with fungal infections in the lungs, symptoms experienced will vary depending on the body part that is affected by a fungal infection.

Diagnosis and Treatment

If doctors suspect patients suffering from infections such as pathogens, they will perform a complete blood test, blood culture, urinalysis, X-rays, and other diagnostic procedures for formulating a diagnosis. Treatment will vary depending essentially on internal organs that may be affected by the fungus. If patients showed neurological symptoms, and doctors suspect the patient has meningitis, they can examine cerebrospinal fluid as well. As far as treatment is concerned, the use of anti-fungal medication is the first step to stop the fungus from growing further.

As mentioned earlier, aspergillosis, candidiasis and cryptococcosis, is the most common systemic disease caused by the fungus. Once the doctor is able to identify the fungi that cause, they can determine the choice of treatment of systemic fungal infections that can work for patients. Drugs can be taken orally or intravenously depending on the dosage given there.

 For example, micafungin is one of the drugs, which are used for the treatment of invasive candidiasis. This drug can be administered intravenously. Other drugs that may be prescribed include amphotericin B, itraconazole or caspofungin. In severe cases, when the ball mushroom fibers, white blood cells and form a blood clot in the lung, surgery may be required. Drug therapy coupled with changes in diet will certainly help in reducing the symptoms of candidiasis.

Fungi which infiltrate internal organs through the bloodstream, can certainly lead to life-threatening situations. Therefore, it is important to consult a doctor immediately when symptoms of systemic yeast infection is. Diagnosis and treatment of rapid and precise will help in preventing the fungus from causing severe damage to internal organs. The sooner the condition is diagnosed and treated, the faster the recovery occurs.